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Prince Eugen


His Royal Highness Prince Eugen (1865–1947) was one of Sweden’s leading Symbolist landscape painters. As an artist, his progressive and dedicated character was marked by a desire to capture the essence of nature. Prince Eugen spent his summers in the country near Stockholm, where the scenery provided him with subjects for many intensely felt works.

Prince Eugen was the son of King Oscar II and Queen Sophia of Sweden. He saw art as a calling and his extensive training and devotion to his task set him apart. He studied art history in Uppsala before moving to Paris in 1887. He had several teachers, including Léon Bonnat, Alfred Roll, Henri Gervex and, briefly, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, who had a strong influence on his development.

Prince Eugen devoted himself exclusively to landscape painting, working in the countryside around Stockholm and Lake Mälaren, as well as in Västergötland and Skåne in the south. He often produced works on a monumental scale and in the 1890s became a major figure in the emergence of the new genre of Swedish mood painting, combining atmospheric effect and classical grandeur of form. Central to his oeuvre are park landscapes and views of the Waldemarsudde estate on the island of Djurgården. Eugen bought this property in 1899 and a few years later built a residence there which is now preserved as a museum.