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Oscar Kleineh: View from Helsinki South Harbour, 1890


Oscar Kleineh studied in Düsseldorf in the late 1860s and in the St Petersburg Academy of Arts in the early 1870s. In the decades that followed, he specialised in marine painting and urban views. Perhaps because he stayed abroad for extended periods of time, Kleineh has remained less familiar in Finland than some of his contemporaries, in spite of the fact that he won several accolades in the 1870s and 1880s.

Kleineh painted four large canvases of the South Harbour in Helsinki, one of which was purchased for the Imperial Art Collection in the early 1890s. The view from the Market Square is still recognisable. On the right is the Observatory on its hill, on the waterfront the then Market Hall, in the centre are houses in Kaivopuisto, and in the far left the Orthodox
Church in Suomenlinna still in its old form.