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Music and synesthesia


Many Symbolist artists were interested in the interconnection between the arts. The visual arts, music, architecture and design all referred to each other. Scenes of concerts or playing instruments are particularly common in Symbolist art. This is because music was considered the highest form of art as it was immaterial. Symbolist art was based on correspondences. The Symbolists believed that specific colours corresponded to specific chords by means of synesthesia. Similarly, the arrangement of a musical composition could correspond to literary techniques.

Synesthesia is not about the gesamtkunstverk concept, rather it highlights the harmonic structure of the universe. Accordingly, it was possible to identify common elements at the heart of different art forms. This concept was significantly inspired not only by Charles Baudelaire but also by Richard Wagner, whose music and artistic views interested the Symbolists greatly.